How to treat a sunburn?

Sunburn is a reality that affects many people around the world, especially in summer. These burns can be very painful and have serious long-term health consequences.The sunburn may also increase the risk of developing skin cancer. That is why it is important to know how to treat a sunburn properly to avoid complications. 

In this blog you will I will show you some treatments and tips for treating sunburn effectively. We will learn together why these burns occur, how to identify them and how to treat them to ensure a quick recovery and avoid adverse consequences.

Sunburn in a woman exposed to sunlight

Types of sunburn

Sunburns are classified into three types: mild burns, moderate burns and severe burns. 

  • Minor burns are those that cause redness and pain on the skin, but do not cause blistering or scarring. 
  • Moderate burns are those that cause redness, pain, blistering, swelling and peeling of the skin. 
  • Severe burns are those that cause scarring of the skin.


Get started as soon as possible!

Skin can burn if it gets too much sun without proper protection from sunscreen and clothing. To help heal and relieve itchy skin, it is important to start treating a sunburn as soon as you notice it.. The first thing to do is to get out of the sun, preferably indoors.

How to treat a sunburn?

Once you are indoors and out of the sun, dermatologists recommend that you follow the following tips to help you learn how to treat a sunburn :Quote

  1. Take frequent cold baths or showers to relieve pain. As soon as you get out of the bath or shower, gently pat yourself dry, but leave some water on your skin. Next, apply a moisturizer to help retain water in the skin. This can help relieve dryness and tightness of the skin.
  2. Use a moisturizer containing aloe vera or soy to help soothe sunburned skin. If a particular area is particularly bothersome, you can apply a hydrocortisone corticosteroid cream that you can buy without a prescription. 
  3. Do not treat sunburn with local anesthetic products. "-caine" (such as benzocaine), as they may irritate the skin or cause an allergic reaction.
  4. Consider taking aspirin, acetaminophen or ibuprofen to help reduce swelling, redness and discomfort.
  5. Drink more water. Sunburn draws fluid to the surface of the skin and away from the rest of the body. Drinking more water when you are sunburned helps prevent dehydration.
  6.  If you get blisters on your skin, let them heal. Blistering means you have a second-degree sunburn. You should not pop the blisters, as they form to help the skin heal and protect you from infection.
  7. Take extreme precautions to protect sunburned skin while it heals. Wear clothing that covers your child's skin when outdoors. 

Consequences of sunburn

Although it may appear to be a temporary condition, sunburn - the result of excessive exposure of the skin to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays - can be a temporary condition. can cause lasting damage to the skin. This damage increases the risk of getting skin cancer and cause premature aging of the skin, so it is essential to protect the skin from exposure to UV rays.

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Sebastian Podlipnik - Skin cancer

Sebastian Podlipnik

Dermatology Blog

I am a dermatologist and cum laude MD and author of multiple research studies. I specialize in skin cancer, laser technologies and cosmetic dermatology. The intention of this blog is to bring you closer to topics of interest in dermatology and research.

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